Vindhya (विन्ध्यः) is a range of mountain which separates north India from the south; it is one of the seven Kulaparvatas ( कुलपर्वत )

The Vayu Purana (45.88) gives the names of the seven Kulaparvatas.
1. Mahendra (महेन्द्र)
2. Malaya (मलय)
3. Sahya (सह्य)
4. Shuktiman (शुक्तिमान्)
5. Riksha (ऋक्ष)
6. Vindhya (विंध्य)
7. Pariyatra (पारियात्र)

According to a legend in Mahabharata आरण्यकपर्व – chapter 104, the Vindhya ( विन्ध्यः ) mountain, being jealous of the mount Meru (Himālaya) demanded that the sun should revolve round him also, as sun was revolving round the Meru, which the sun declined to do.

तं तु दृष्ट्वा तथा विन्ध्यः शैलः सूर्यमथाब्रवीत् |
यथा हि मेरुर्भवता नित्यशः परिगम्यते ||3||

प्रदक्षिणं च क्रियते मामेवं कुरु भास्कर |
एवमुक्तस्ततः सूर्यः शैलेन्द्रं प्रत्यभाषत |4

नाहमात्मेच्छया शैल करोम्येनं प्रदक्षिणम् |
एष मार्गः प्रदिष्टो मे येनेदं निर्मितं जगत् ||5||

एवमुक्तस्ततः क्रोधात्प्रवृद्धः सहसाचलः |
सूर्याचन्द्रमसोर्मार्गं रोद्धुमिच्छन्परन्तप ||6||

Unhappy with the sun, the Vindhya began to rise higher and higher so as to obstruct the path of the sun and moon.

तच्छ्रुत्वा वचनं विप्रः सुराणां शैलमभ्यगात् |
सोऽभिगम्याब्रवीद्विन्ध्यं सदारः समुपस्थितः ||१०||

मार्गमिच्छाम्यहं दत्तं भवता पर्वतोत्तम |
दक्षिणामभिगन्तास्मि दिशं कार्येण केनचित् ||११||

Rishi Agastya on the request of devata’s approcahed near the mountain and requested that by bending down he would give him an easy passage to the south, and that he would retain the same position till his return.and said :

यावदागमनं मह्यं तावत्त्वं प्रतिपालय |
निवृत्ते मयि शैलेन्द्र ततो वर्धस्व कामतः ||१२||

एवं स समयं कृत्वा विन्ध्येनामित्रकर्शन |
अद्यापि दक्षिणाद्देशाद्वारुणिर्न निवर्तते ||१३||

This Vindhya agreed to do (because he regarded Agastya as his teacher); but Agastya never returned from the south, and Vindhya never attained the height of Meru (Himālaya)

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