Vedanta

What is the meaning of Pratyagatma ?

Pratyagatma (प्रत्यगात्मा) = प्रत्यक् + आत्मा प्रत्यक् = प्रत्यञ्चति इति (प्रति + अञ्च् धातु + क्विन्-प्रत्यय: )

Brihadaranyaka Shruti – “He who sees difference here, as it were,...

As mentioned in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 4.4.19 मनसैवानुद्रष्टव्यं नेह नानास्ति किञ्चन । मृत्योः स मृत्युमाप्नोति य इह नानेव पश्यति ॥...

How can Brahman is unknowable, yet is it said that one...

As mentioned in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 4.4.20 एकधैवानुद्रष्टव्यमेतदप्रमेयं ध्रुवम् ।विरजः पर आकाशादज आत्मा महान्ध्रुवः ॥ It...

What is Neti Neti ?

Neti Neti (नेति नेति) is a sanskrit expression which means "not this, not that (न इति न इति)".

What are Mahavakyas ?

What are Mahavakyas ? Mahavakyas (महावाक्य) are the statement expresed by the Upanishads, highlighting the one's own nature.

How to understand Death

Let us understand what death is ? When one was born as newborn child, when his mind or memory...

What happens after a person attains Moksha? Does the soul live...

In Hinduism, the main two philosophies are Mimamsa & Vedanta. We will analyse this question based on these two philosophies.

What is the difference between Purusha and Brahman?

No, there is nothing called Purusha ( Jiva ). Upanishads says that Brahman (Atman) alone is real and exists. Purusha is a false...

What is the difference between Samkhya and Advaita Vedanta in Hinduism?

Sage Kapila was the founder of the Samkhya (सांख्य) Philosophy. The word ‘samkhya’ which means ‘number’. The school specifies...

What is Moksha and how will one attain it?

Moksha is negation of this wrong conclusion that “I am a body” and knowing one’s true nature as Atman.

What does it mean that Brahman is real; the world is...

This sentence “Brahman is real, this world is unreal” is the core teaching of Advaita Vedanta philosophy. Upanishads has mainly highlighted this teaching only. In Vivekchudamani...

What is the number of Atman’s (souls), are they always the...

What is a soul? As per Brihadaranyaka Upanishad verse 3.7.23, नान्योऽतोऽस्ति द्रष्टा, नान्योऽतोऽस्ति श्रोता, नान्योऽतोऽस्ति मन्ता, नान्योऽतोऽस्ति विज्ञात, एष त आत्मान्तर्याम्यमृतः, अतोऽन्यदार्तम्; “He cannot be seen, but...

Is “Aham Brahmasmi” equivalent to “I am God”?

The objective of the statement “aham brahmāsmi”  is to remove the attachment with physical body. In Upanishads many statements ( Mahavakyas ) like ” Tat...

Which is the correct path for Moksha, Karma Yoga or Gyan...

Karma cannot give liberation, only self knowledge can give liberation.   Let put logics, why Karma cannot cause liberation :   1. Moksha delivered by Karma’s will not be permanent –...

What are Upanishads ?

Upanishad (उपनि-सद्) means 'knowledge derived from sitting at the feet of the preceptor' The Upanishads were originally called Vedanta, which literally means the conclusion to...

Are the Vedas and Upanishads of any use in today’s world?

No, we donot need of Vedas or Upanishads. As a physical body one needs unlimited sex, unlimited pleasures, unlimited...

If we really have never-dying consciousness, then what exactly am I...

Does my consciousness die, when I sleep ? No When you are awake then you perceive this world by...

Why do people look to survive, when we all have to...

I have no answer for the above question ? but you need to logically think that why there is need even to...

Can the soul experience vision, sound, touch without a body? After...

Can the soul experience vision, sound, touch without a body? No, this not possible because what is called as...

What would have happened if Buddha/Shankaracharya/Krishna had suffered from Alzheimer’s Disease?

If I am expert in Vedas & its philosophies throughout my life & in the end time, I forget all them due to blackout...

Why does Veda negate itself saying “Veda cannot reach there”?

These words are taken from Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 4.3.22 अत्र पितापिता भवति, मातामाता, लोका अलोकाः, देवा अदेवाः, वेदा अवेदाः । अत्र स्तेनोऽस्तेनो भवति, भ्रूणहाभ्रूणहा, चाण्डालोऽचण्डालः, पौल्कसोऽपौल्कसः,...

Why is it so hard to see or experience the Atman...

First we have to understand, What is Atman ? In the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad verse 3.7.23, it is mentioned

Who was Adi Shankaracharya ?

Adi Shankara was a philosopher and a sage from India who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. He is credited with unifying...

Why does Brahmasutra talk of caste based on birth instead of...

Brahamsutra never talk about birth based caste, the section referred there has a different meaning for word “shudra”, and not the caste...

What are the Karma yoga and Jnana yoga as per Bhagvata...

There are two paths Karma Yoga and Sankhya Yoga ( Gyana Yoga). There are six philosophies derived from Vedas. Two most popular philosophies are Mimamsa...

What is the philosophy of the Upanishads?

Upanishads are created to give the self knowledge ( Atman-Gyana), therefore Upanishads are main texts for Vedanta philosophy. The...

Is consciousness unique for an individual?

Question - Is consciousness unique for an individual?  What is the difference between consciousness of two different individuals? Consciousness cannot be counted and not unique to individuals. What...

What is the number of Atman (soul), are they always the...

What is a Atman ? As mentioned in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad verse 3.7.23, नान्योऽतोऽस्ति द्रष्टा, नान्योऽतोऽस्ति श्रोता,...

What is Atman ? How can one see it or touch...

What is Atman ?   As mentioned in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad verse 3.7.23, नान्योऽतोऽस्ति द्रष्टा,...

The Bold Beggar

This story is based on Chandogya Upanishad There were two Rishi - Rishi Shaunak and Abhiprataari. They were the...

Upanishads

Upanishads are a collection of texts which contain some of the central philosophical concepts of Hinduism. The Upanishads are considered by Hindus...

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