Adityahridayam is a devotional hymn dedicated to Aditya or Sun God found in the Yuddha Kanda (6.105) of Valmiki’s Ramayana.
It was recited by the sage Agastya to Rama in the battlefield before fighting with the Ravana. Agastya thought this to Rama, who is fatigued after the long battle, this prayer of Aditya (Sun God) to defeat the enemy.
Aditya (आदित्य ) means the Sun & Hridayam (हृदयम्) means ‘heart’.
Benefits of chanting Adityahridayam
As mentioned in this Stotram itself, by Rishi Agastya (verse 25) ,
एनमापत्सु कृच्छ्रेषु कान्तारेषु भयेषु च ।
कीर्तयन् पुरुषः कश्चिन्नावसीदति राघव ॥25
“O Rama ! the one who recites this hymn will be protected during their difficult situations, in physical pain, on the difficult roads, and in situation of fear. The one who praise the glory of the Sun God will never have to go through sufferings.
How many times it should be recited ?
As mentioned in this Stotram itself, by Rishi Agastya (verse 26) ,
पूजयस्वैनमेकाग्रो देवदेवं जगत्पतिम् ।
एतत्त्रिगुणितं जप्त्वा युद्धेषु विजयिष्यसि ॥26॥
Reciting this hymn three times, one will come out victorious in the battles”