Panchatantra (पञ्चतन्त्र ) is an ancient Indian Sanskrit text of interrelated animal fables. It was written by Vishnu Sharma.

Panchatantra is divided into five parts, each part contains a main story, called the frame story, which in turn contains several stories, as one character narrates a story to another.

The five tantra ( तन्त्र ) of the Panchatantra are :

1. Mitra-bheda (मित्रभेद )  – The loss of friends
2. Mitra-lābha (मित्रलाभ ) – The winning of friends
3. Kākolūkīyam (काकोलुकीयम् )  – The story of the crows and the owls
4. Labdhapraṇāśam (लब्धप्रणाश )  – On Losing What You have Gained
5. Aparīkṣitakārakaṃ (अपरीक्षित कारक)  – effects of hasty actions

Panchatantra is the best books to teach how to deal with people in life and to learn moral values as each story has a hidden moral.


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