Philosophy of the Upanishads
Upanishads are created to give the self knowledge ( Atman-Gyana), therefore Upanishads are main texts for Vedanta philosophy.
The main purpose Upanishads were created is to negate the individual’s identification with physical body.
What is Vedanta Philosophy ?
Vedanta Philosophy says that world has no real purpose, as it is creation of Maya and is falsely believed as real by Brahman. It is similar to a dreamer, who creates a dream world and see himself as a body in the dream and think dream world as real.
Brahman and Jivatma
Vedanta explains that this Jivatma (Individual) is actually Brahman, who under the influence of Maya considering himself as a limited body; and subject to birth and death.
Maya is a power of Brahman, due to which this world is seen.
Vedanta is philosophy believes that Liberation can be attained by knowing the Atman as the source and creator of this physical body and world.
Because of this teaching of Upanishads, which comes in last sections of Vedas, all the rituals, actions , worshiping lose relevance, because they pre-supposes physical body as a prerequisite and are performed within this false senses of reality.