Aham Brahmasmi (अहं ब्रह्मास्मि )
The objective of the statement “aham brahmasmi” is to remove the attachment with physical body.
In Upanishads many statements ( Mahavakyas ) like ” Tat tavam asi ” or “ayam atma brahma” is mentioned and their purpose is remove the attachment to this physical body and understand one’s real nature, which is Brahman.
- Saguna Brahman is a God with (tangible) attributes (like Indra, Krishna, Shiva) who will bless people with their super power or make their wishes come true.
- Saguna Brahman is one who make this world perfect place to live, by blessing the one who suffers or who are deprived
“Nirguna Brahman” describes God with no descriptive attributes and also called as Formless God
Vedanta talk about formless God who is creator and source of this world, but he is not a physical body.
Mahavakyas highlights that Nirguna Brahman is the material source of this world. Vedanta says that the Nirguna Brahman himself is experiencing this world, and thinks that it is stuck in this world.